1675 Observatory Dr
1156B Animal Science
Madison, WI 53706
Thomas D. Crenshaw is a Professor in the Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences with an affiliation with the Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences. His primary research emphasis is animal nutrition. Crenshaw received a Ph.D. (1980) and M.S. (1977) degrees at the University of Nebraska in swine nutrition and a B.S. (1974) degree in Animal Sciences at the University of Tennessee-Martin.
Swine nutrition is Crenshaw’s primary area of expertise. Throughout his research career, two primary research themes have focused on nutritional factors that enhance bone integrity and the cation-anion balance of mineral elements. These research efforts have required integration of biochemical, physiological, and cellular pathways, with inorganic chemistry, and mechanical engineering principles. Crenshaw’s research expertise has attracted strong interactions with researchers in academia and the commercial swine nutrition industry. His expertise in the use of swine as a biomedical model has allowed collaborations with researchers in mechanical engineering, orthopedic surgery, urology, human nutrition, and biochemistry. Additional major research efforts have included projects in amino acid nutrition and use of fatty acids as energy supplements to enhance neonatal pig survival.
Crenshaw has provided leadership for the U.W. Swine Research and Teaching Center throughout his career. The center supports practical agricultural research and basic swine biomedical research. This role has allowed contributions to research projects in nutrition, breeding and reproduction, gene editing, biomedical models, animal behavior, biosecurity requirements for animal health, housing and ventilation requirements, and surgical procedures.
Crenshaw has authored or co-authored 113 peer-reviewed publications, 41 conference proceedings and book chapters, and 36 extension publications.
Selected Peer-Reviewed Articles
Amundson, L. A, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2020. Lessons learned from the hypovitaminosis D kyphotic pig model. J Anim Sci.
Grez Capdeville, M., N. Gross, J. C. Baker, J. A. Shutter, A. R. Haas, M. E. Wilson, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2020. Alleged predisposing dietary factors fail to increase the incidence of osteochondrosis-like lesions in growing pigs at 14 and 24 weeks of age. J Anim Sci 98:1-13
Grez Capdeville, M. and T. D. Crenshaw. 2020. Peripartum Ca and P homeostasis in multiparous sows fed adequate or excess dietary Ca. Animal 1-8
McCue, M., J. L. Reichert, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2019. Impact of dietary vitamin D supplements in nursery diets on subsequent growth and bone responses of pigs during an immune challenge. J Anim Sci. 97: 4895–4903.
Zhouzheng R., D. E. Bütz, M. Ramuta, K. Zhang, Q. Zeng, X. Yang, X. Yang, T. D. Crenshaw, and M. E. Cook. 2019. Effect of anti-fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 antibodies on phosphorus metabolism in laying hens and their progeny chicks. Poult Sci 98:5691-5699.
Halanski, M. A., B. Hildahl, L. A. Amundson, E. Leiferman, A. Gendron-Fitzpatrick, R. Chaudhary, H. M. Hartwig-Stokes, R. McCabe, R. Lenhart, M.Chin, J. Birstler, T.D. Crenshaw. 2018. Maternal diets deficient in vitamin D increase risk of kyphosis in offspring. A novel kyphotic porcine model. J. Bone Joint Surg. 100:406-415.
Amundson, L. A., L. L. Hernandez, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2018. Gene expression of MMP9, MMP13, VEGF, and FGF23 in femur and vertebra tissues of the hypovitaminosis D kyphotic pig model. Br J Nutr. 120:404-414. doi: 10.1017/S0007114518001605
Collins, C., M. Boyer, T. D. Crenshaw, and H. L. Ploeg. 2018. Design of a surrogate for evaluation of methods to predict bone bending stiffness. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 88:346-351.
Darriet, C., D. E. Axe, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2017. Acidogenic mineral additions increased Ca mobilization in prepartum sows. J Anim Sci. 95:212-225. DOI 10.2527/jas2016.0859.
Bromage, T. G., Y. Idaghdour, R. S. Lacruz, T. D. Crenshaw, O. Ovsiy, B. Rotter, K. Hoffmeier, F. Schrenk. 2016. The Swine Metabolome Chronicles “Many Days” Biological Timing and Functions Linked to Growth. PLOS One. 11:1-19. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145919).
Halanski MA, S. Abrams, R. Lenhart, E. Leiferman, T. Kaiser, E. Pierce, R.R. Franklin, D. Opel, K. J. Noonan, T. D. Crenshaw. 2016.Tendon transfer to unossified bone in a porcine model: potential implications for early tibialis anterior tendon transfers in children with clubfeet. J. Child. Orthop. 10(6):705-714. Epub 2016 Nov 30. PMID:27900541
Létourneau-Montminy, M. P., A. Narcy, J. Y. Dourmad, T. D. Crenshaw, and C. Pomar. 2015. Modeling the metabolic fate of dietary phosphorus and calcium and the dynamics of body ash content in growing pigs. J Anim Sci. 93: 1200-1217. doi:10.2527/jas2014-8519.
Sivalingam S, S. Y. Nakada, P. D. Sehgal, T. D. Crenshaw, and K. L. Penniston. 2013. Dietary hydroxyproline induced calcium oxalate lithiasis and associated renal injury in the porcine model. J Endourol. 27:1493-1498.
Tetrick, M. A., T. D. Crenshaw, and N. J. Benevenga. 2012. Octanoate and nonaoate oxidation increases 50-80% over the first two days of life in piglet triceps brachii and gracilis muscle strips. J Nutr. 142: 999-1003.
Aiyangar, A. K., A. G. Au, T. D. Crenshaw, and H. L. Ploeg. 2010. Recovery of bone strength in young pigs from an induced short-term dietary calcium deficit followed by a calcium replete diet. Medical Engineering and Physics, 32: 1116-1123.
Selected Book Chapters
Crenshaw, T. D. 1991. Sodium, potassium, magnesium and chloride in swine nutrition. In: Swine Nutrition. E. R. Miller, D. E. Ullrey and A. J. Lewis (eds.). Butterworths. Stoneham, MA.
Crenshaw, T. D. (2001). Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and vitamin K in swine nutrition. Swine nutrition. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 187-212.
Selected Conference Proceedings
Wilson, M. E., K. J. Rozeboom, and T. D. Crenshaw. 2004. Boar Nutrition for Optimum Sperm Production. Banff Swine Conference. Banff Canada. Adv. Pork Prod. 15:295-306.
Crenshaw, T. D. 2009. Nutritional Implications for Osteochondrosis and Related Lameness Problems in Sows. DSM Nutritional Products. European Swine Tours. (Germany, Austria, Spain, England, France and Switzerland).
Crenshaw, T. D., J. L. Reichert, J. R. Booth, D. K. Schneider, and L. A. Rortvedt-Amundson. 2013. Clinical diagnosis of skeletal integrity in swine. Leman Swine Veterinary Conference Proceedings. September 17, 2013. St Paul MN.
Crenshaw, T. D. and L. A. Rortvedt-Amundson. 2014. Nutritionally induced cellular signals that affect skeletal integrity in swine. Proc 23rd International Pig Veterinary Society, IPVS Congress, Cancun, Mexico, vol. 1:75-83.
Amundson (Rortvedt), L. A. and T. D. Crenshaw. 2015. Emerging insights into classical cases of nutritionally induced lameness in pigs. Proc 46th Am Assoc Swine Veterinarians meeting. February 28, 2015. Orlando, FL
Crenshaw, T. D. and L. A. Amundson. 2016. Vitamin D: its role in productivity and animal well-being. Proceedings Congress Latin America Nutrition Association. Cancun, Mexico. October 10-14, 2016. (Crenshaw invited speaker).
Grez Capdeville, M. and T. D. Crenshaw. 2019. Evidence-based guides for mineral supplements of sow diets. Am. Assoc. Swine Veter. Conference. Orlando, FL. March 10, 2019.
Selected Popular Press Articles
Grez, M., and T. D. Crenshaw. 2017. Hypocalcemia in sows at farrowing: Is there a problem? National Hog Farmer – Research Review 2017. December issue, pp 29.
Cromwell and NCCC42 Swine Nutrition Committee. December 22, 2010. High Levels of DDGS Analyzed in Grow-Finish Diets. National Hog Farmer.
Farm & Industry Shortcourse Courses
FISC 102 – Meat Animal Production II (2 credits, Spring)
Course Description: In this course, students will learn about the monogastric and ruminant meat animal, specifically swine, and poultry production systems. Focusing on swine and poultry, students will evaluate and design the implementation of foundational principles in swine and poultry production as well as build on beef, sheep and goat foundations from Meat Animal Production I. Students will learn about production costs and revenues and experience hands-on opportunities with several meat animal species.
Requirements: FISC 101
An Sci/Dy Sci/Nutr Sci 311 – Comparative Animal Nutrition (3 credits, Spring)
Course Description: Nutrients and their source, assimilation, function and requirement.
Requirements: Must have completed BMOLCHEM 314 Intro to Human Biochemistry or CHEM 341 Intro Organic Chemistry or CHEM 343 Intro Organic Chemistry or BIOCHEM 501 Intro Biochemistry
An Sci 415 – Application of Monogastric Nutrition Principles (2 credits, Fall)
Course Description: Nutrient requirements for growth and production of monogastric animals. Discuss concepts of establishing nutrient requirements and feeding strategies. Laboratory exercises are designed to develop problem-solving skills required for the assessment of nutritional adequacy and economical soundness of feeding programs.
Requirements: An Sci/DY SCI/AN SCI/NUTR SCI 311 313
An Sci 432 – Swine Production (3 credits, Spring)
Course Description: Application of research findings in breeding, feeding, management and marketing to modernize production. Lab: Farm visits, practical exercises in testing changes, “tools” used by producers. Prior completion of DY SCI/AN SCI 313 highly recommended.
Requirements: NUTR SCI/AN SCI/DY SCI 311, DY SCI/AN SCI 361, or DY SCI/AN SCI 434
An Sci/Nutr Sci 626 – Experimental Diet Design (1 credit, Fall)
Course Description: Discuss nutrient requirements, composition of ingredients used to meet requirements and the mathematical steps involved in diet formulation with emphasis on research animals and human subjects.
Requirements: Graduate/professional standing, STATS 301 and (NUTR SCI/BIOCHEM 510 or concurrent enrollment)
An Sci/Dy Sci 931 – Seminar in Animal Nutrition (1 credit, Spring)
Course Description: Discussion of literature that has a bearing on animal nutrition. Students are to survey the literature and present a seminar.
Requirements: Graduate/professional standing
1980 – present NCCC42 Swine Nutrition Committee.
1994-97, 2000-08. CALS – RARC IACUC committee
1996-2016 Co-advisor. Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity.
1997-02, 2006-15. Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences – Graduate Admissions Committee.
2001- present. Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences- Chair Animal Nutrition Emphasis group.
2009 – 16 Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, chair 2011-16
2011 – 14 Academic Planning Committee – CALS
2012 – present. CALS Feed mill committee.
2013 – present. DSM Vitamin Advisory Board
2014 – 17 CALS Research Advisory Committee.
2016 – 19 Chair, Department of Animal Sciences.
2018 – 19 Merger Committee, Departments of Animal Sciences and Dairy Science
Journal of Animal Science–Editorial Board Member: 1985-88, 1995-98, 2005-07, and 2008-12; Associate Editor: 2012-2015
Professional Society Offices and Committee Memberships
American Society of Animal Science (ASAS), member 1975-pres. — Committee on Companion Animal Biology: 2001-02; Midwest ASAS –Executive Board Member, President-elect, President, and Past President: 2008-2011; Triennial Growth Symposium, chair 2013
American Society of Nutritional Science (ASN), member 1985-pres. — Animal Nutrition Research Interest committee member: 2006-2007
American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR), member: 1989-pres.
1994 Honorary Saddle & Sirloin Award, UW-Madison Saddle and Sirloin Club – award to recognize support for the Department of Animal Sciences undergraduate student club
2000 UW-Madison College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) Outstanding Advisor Award – this award recognizes demonstration of a deep concern for the welfare of CALS students with investment of exceptional time and effort in providing them with academic or personal guidance.
2007 Distinguished Service Award, Wisconsin Pork Association – recognition for service to the Wisconsin swine producers.
2012 Wisconsin Agricultural and Life Sciences Alumni Association 40 in 40 Impact Award – honored 40 individuals on the 40th anniversary of WALSAA who have made a difference in farms, classrooms, laboratories, and/or businesses in Wisconsin
2013 J.S. Donald Short Course Teaching Award, UW-Madison CALS- awarded to an individual who has demonstrated passion and success in teaching and advising students in the short course format
2016 Arthur J. Maurer Extra Mile award, UW-Madison CALS – this award recognizes an individual who has shown unusual concern for students and has provided service far beyond the call of duty
2016 ASAS Gary L. Cromwell Award for Research in Mineral Nutrition – award by the American Society of Animal Science to recognize excellence in research dealing with mineral nutrition of livestock